Two large cars known for their powerful engines — the Dodge Charger HEMI and the Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat — top the Highway Loss Data Institute’s list of vehicles most likely to be stolen.

Both vehicles have claim rates for whole-vehicle theft that are more than 5 times the average for 2016-18 models, as does the Infiniti Q50, a midsize luxury sedan. Nearly all 20 models with the highest theft rates are either vehicles with big engines, luxury vehicles or pickups.

The most stolen vehicles, 2016-2018 model years, are:

1. Dodge Charger HEMI

2. Dodge Challenger SRT Hellcat

3. Infiniti Q50 4-door

4. Infiniti QX80

5. GMC Sierra 1500 crew cab

6. Dodge Challenger

7. Nissan Maxima

8. Chevrolet Silverado 1500 crew cab

9. Chrysler 300 4WD

10. Mercedes-Benz S-Class

11. Dodge Charter 4WD

12. Dodge Durango 4WD

13. Land Rover Range Rover

14. Chevrolet Silverado 1500 crew cab 4WD

15. Dodge Charger

16. Nissan Titan crew cab short bed

17. Chevrolet Silverado 1500

18. GMC Sierra 1500 crew cab 4WD

19. Audi A7 4WD

20. Infinit QX80 4WD

Absent from the most-stolen list is any version of the Cadillac Escalade, which previously dominated HLDI’s rankings of vehicles popular with thieves. Part of the reason is that the large luxury SUV now has more competition in that category, including from the Infiniti QX80 and the Land Rover Range Rover, vehicles that are now among the most stolen.

Escalade owners are also likely benefiting from enhanced security features that go beyond the ignition immobilizers that most of today’s vehicles have in order to prevent them from being started without a proper key. Standard immobilizers weren’t enough to prevent the Escalade from being frequently stolen, so Cadillac added more antitheft features beginning with the 2015 model year. They include glass breakage sensors, motion detectors and an inclination sensor that triggers an alarm if someone tries to take the wheels off, tow the vehicle or lift it onto a flatbed truck.

"The models most likely to be stolen tend to be powerful, pricey or pickups, but vehicle theft is also a crime of opportunity," says HLDI Senior Vice President Matt Moore. "Better security features on all vehicles would be the best way to address the problem."

Two of the vehicles on the least-stolen list are the Tesla Model S and Model X. Their low theft rate may be related to the fact that, as electric vehicles, they are usually parked in garages or close to a house to be near a power supply. In a separate report last year, HLDI showed that electric vehicles from a variety of manufacturers have lower theft claim rates than comparable vehicles.

The least stolen vehicles, 2016-2018 model years, are:

1. BMW 3 Series 4-door

2. Tesla Model S 4WD

3. Tesla Model X 4WD

4. Chevrolet Equinox 4WD

5. Buick Encore 4WD

6. Subaru Legacy (with EyeSight)

7. GMC Acadia

8. Subaro Forester (with EyeSight)

9. GMC Acadia 4WD

10. Volkswagen New Beetle

11. BMW 3 series 4-door 4WD

12. Subaru Outback (with EyeSight)

13. BMW X5

14. Subaru Crosstrek

15. Chevrolet Traverse

16. Subaru Crosstrek (with EyeSight)

17. Lexus RX 450h 4WD

18. Honda Odyssey

19. Mazda MX-5 Miata

20. Cadillac XT5