Syd­ney Over­all will speak on The Bat­tle of Shiloh on April 12 at the Penin­sula Li­brary. Spon­sored by the Cuya­hoga Val­ley Civil War Round Table, the 7:30 p.m. event is free and the pub­lic is wel­come.

On April 6 and 7 of 1862, Union and Con­fed­er­ate forces slugged it out at Pitts­burg Land­ing on the Ten­nessee River. Com­bined ca­su­al­ties were close to 24,000. Each side had more than 1,700 killed.

Ohio con­trib­uted 27 in­fantry reg­i­ments, 6 ar­tillery units and 1 cav­alry unit.

In an email, Over­all said, "I vis­ited the site and nearby Corinth, MS, in April 2015. I re­gard the Bat­tle of Shiloh as one of five that greatly weak­ened the Con­fed­er­acy (Shiloh and An­ti­etam in 1862, Get­tys­burg, Vicks­burg, and Chat­tanooga in 1863), prompt­ing the Con­fed­er­acy to tot­ter on de­feat in 1864. Prior in­ter­pre­ta­tions of the Bat­tle of Shiloh have overem­pha­sized the de­fense of the Hor­net's Nest to un­der­stand the Union vic­tory."

One writer said it was Grant’s worst day. Over­all added, "Although sur­prised about an at­tack from the south­west, Grant made no mis­takes on the bat­tle­field, did not re­treat at the end of the first day of bat­tle, and pre­pared to at­tack on the next day …